The vine has been extended thanks to its adaptive characteristics, has required few genetic changes to adapt to its cultivation in different areas, has low water and mineral requirements, grows on lands where other fruit trees would not grow , thanks to its regenerative capacity allows an intensive collection.
This adaptability was one of the keys to its expansion throughout Europe, as well as in most of the temperate climates of the earth. One of the greatest changes suffered by the vine was when, in antiquity, it was converted by artificial selection from a "wild" to a "domesticated" variety (hermaphrodite), the reasons for this change are unknown at present. Soon it was possible to verify that the wine was the sum of a set of environmental factors: climate, latitude, height, hours of light, etc.
Many of the great cultures of the Mediterranean as well as the Middle East claim to have invented themselves the winemaking process attributing their discovery to a local hero or an agrarian divinity. But the fact is that the trade and the expansion of some cultures and empires has caused the wine and its cultivation to spread to different regions of the Earth, adopting new flavors and aromas. Wine (like other basic foods) appears in the culture loaded with symbolism. The adaptive capacity of the grape to different climates and soils, its high yield, is the only fruit that retains in its interior quantities of an unusual acid called tartaric that favors the action of the yeasts. It can be said that at present the grape is the most collected fruit worldwide, with 70% of it dedicated to the production of wine.
Wine D.O. Cariñena
The Cariñena wine Designation of Origin is a wine that is produced in the Comarca del Campo de Cariñena , in the Province of Zaragoza
The location of the vineyards, especially those that are higher , which are in very stony ground , give some unique characteristics to these Aragon wines.
For this reason it calls itself the Wine of the Stones It is also, together with that of Jerez, the > Spain's oldest Denomination of Origin as far as wine is concerned (1,933).
The terrain is composed of stony, alluvial, siliceous soils with little salt, loose and permeable.
Wine D.O. Campo de Borja
The D.O. Campo de Borja treasures among its authentic jewels where the "Garnacha" variety reaches its full splendor. Monovarietal red wines that are enjoying a wide prestige around the world for its very defined personality, quality and complexity that make them something unique in the world .
Wine D.O. Somontano
The Denomination of Origin Somontano is based in the province of Huesca , was created in 1984, has an extension of 4,400 hectares, about 35 wineries and 450 wine growers , the climate is of continental origin sheltered by the wall that exerts the Aragonese Pyrenees, the soil contains sandstone and clay, as well as limestone and alluvial material. The wines of this D.O. They present very peculiar characteristics, are very good alcoholic, fruity and with a well-fitted acidity , are very current taste and with the Garnacha as the main attraction, the white foreign varieties also adapt exceptionally to the ground
The Denomination of Origin Calatayud is based in the province of Zaragoza, was established in 1990, with an area of 8,000 hectares of vineyard and about 1,050 wine growers, its vineyards enjoy an average altitude of 550 -800 meters, the texture of its soils are composed of gravel, red slate, gray slate and marl and its climate is characterized by the continentality of the area. The wines of this D.O. they focus on the Garnacha red variety and its opulent, red wines, fleshy, full of fruit and warmth, worth noting the mention "Calatayud superior", where we will find unique wines from vineyards over 50 years old, and that minimum they should carry 85% of the Garnacha variety in its varietal composition.